Small Action, Big Reduction, Bigger Salvation

9 Oct, 2019 5:39:01 PM / by Quek Leng Chuang

Here is a grim revelation: Our daily actions generate GHG (Greenhouse Gas) Emissions in more ways than you think. GHG Emissions are - The release of various gases into the Earth’s atmosphere primarily from human activities. These gases in the atmosphere that absorb radiation and trap heat are known as "greenhouse gases" because they are largely responsible for the greenhouse effect. 


The sombre news can be traced back to the GHG Protocol. The GHG Protocol “establishes comprehensive global standardized frameworks to measure and manage greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from private and public sector operations, value chains and mitigation actions.” (source)


With the GHG Protocol, Greenhouse gas emissions are categorised into three groups or 'scopes' which are the different levels of sneaky unseen ways. We shall distill this into a typical Singaporean context for you. 

scope 1 to 3 diagram



GHG emissions from your direct action which is executed by you. These activities can be directly reduced by your choices.


What do we mean by that? Here is an example:

Driving a normal passenger car or booking a Just Grab car to to the latest restaurant or catch the latest movie. Driving a normal passenger petrol car for about 50 km daily can emit about 4.6 to 6 metric tons of carbon dioxide per year. (source).  Transportation is one of our highest GHG emission culprits. 



Indirect emissions as a result of the generation of purchased electricity, steam, heating and cooling that is ultimately consumed by you.



The GHG emissions from the power generation companies that provide electricity to your home to allow you to catch Netflix on your laptop for 5 hours. The national 3-year median Grid Emission Factor for electricity converts our carbon emissions to be about 0.413 MTCO2 per megawatt-hour.



All other indirect emissions that occur in your day-to-day life or from the third parties’ activities that have been initiated by you.



1) You organising your 30th birthday party in a fancy nightclub in Clarke Quay- the venue’s GHG emissions, the catering, the transportation of any logistics you hired for the event, the extra AV equipment used for the event etcetera. 

2) Your exciting getaway to Osaka during Sept school holidays. Flights are one of the biggest culprits of GHG emissions.  



These are easy steps you and I can take: 

Scope 1: 

  1. Reduce the frequencies of your hot showers if possible, if not always make a point to immediately turn off the heater switch right after bath. 
  2. Big culprit to tackle: Take an MRT before a Bus before a Grab before a Car- and you will save money on transport! Or even consider the bike sharing options available around Singapore. 


Scope 2: 

  1. Invest in Energy Efficient appliances Look out for NEA’s yellow and green energy efficiency labels with ticks: Energy efficient products consumes less energy, thus reduces your GHG emissions and saves you money on bills!
  2. Offset your Carbon Emissions via Carbon Credits, resulting in Carbon-Neutral Electricity with Environmental Solutions Living. To know further geeky information about Carbon-Neutral Electricity, check out our previous post here


Scope 3: 

1. As the local saying goes, sometimes "our eyes are bigger than our stomachs". Do not order extra food that you know will end up being thrown away. Order just enough - you can save money too! 
2. Curb that agonising urge to splurge. Reuse and fix whatever you can at home instead of buying new items:            Furniture, bags, shelvings, clothing, electronics, even food etcetera. Or you may consider using apps like Olio that help you share more and waste less.
3. Eat less meat - Cattle produces lots of methane and CO2 . 1 kg of beef would have produced 34.6 kg of CO2, and there are about 1.5 billion farmed cows and bulls world-wide (source)
4. Big culprit to tackle: Offset the GHG emissions of the flight of your well-deserved holiday though Carbon Credits with ES Living. Every day, about 1050 flights land or depart from Changi airport. If one out of every 4 of us offsets this with carbon credits, we would neutralise about 262 flights per day which is quite a number! 

Adjusting the activities that releases the most GHG emissions like driving and flights will make the highest impact quickly. These particularly high GHG emission activities are known as Carbon Hotspots.

With these different scopes of GHG emissions as part of our impetus, ES Living is born, created for people like YOU in mind - we believe that everyone from all walks of life, at every level of consciousness - can be empowered to live green immediately, in more ways than one.  

Should you have the need to measure your carbon footprint in the entire chain all the way to Scope 3 and get advice on the carbon offset cost, get in touch with us at Environmental Solutions Living via living@env-solutions.com or call +65 6653 2299 and we’ll be more than happy to assist you.

Our collective efforts, aggregated, will bring about a real impact. Let’s all start to take action to live green and not just talk about it. 

Topics: ES Living, Powering Sustainability

Quek Leng Chuang

Written by Quek Leng Chuang

LengChuang is a chemical engineer and an expert in carbonomics. He is the co-founder and owner of Environmental Solutions (Asia) Pte Ltd and ES Power.